ANIDIS - L'ingegneria Sismica in Italia, ANIDIS XIX & ASSISi XVII - 2022

Dimensione del carattere:  Piccola  Media  Grande

Machine learning-based derivation of seismic fragility curves for RC bridge piers: preliminary results

Xuguang Wang, Alessandra Fiore, Cristoforo Demartino, Giuseppe Quaranta, Giorgio Monti

Ultima modifica: 2022-08-27


A significant part of ongoing studies in the field of earthquake engineering is directed towards the seismic risk assessment of buildings and infrastructures at territorial scale. This task is usually accomplished by grouping the structures into homogenous classes in terms of typology, for which seismic fragility curves are then obtained for different limit states via numerical simulations or from the statistical analysis of observational data when available. Particularly, the development of typological fragility curves for bridges under earthquake is useful for assessing reliability and resilience of transportation networks in seismic areas, and can be also an effective decision-making support. Within this framework, the proposed study establishes a machine learning-based paradigm for the closed-form prediction of the main statistical parameters required to obtain relevant seismic fragility curves for reinforced concrete bridge piers. Initially, a huge training dataset has been obtained by Monte Carlo simulations and displacement-based bridge pier assessments by assuming data representative of the Italian highway transportation network. Next, symbolic nonlinear regression formulae for estimating the main statistical parameters of seismic fragility curves have been generated. With the aid of those formulae, the effort for calculating the seismic fragility curves is greatly reduced since the corresponding main statistical parameters can be directly calculated from a set of commonly available attributes. Therefore, the proposed study provides a helpful tool for the rapid preliminary assessment of damage and risk level of existing highway transportation networks exposed to seismic hazards.


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